Royal Icing Consistency Links

The number one factor in designing cookies and cakes with Royal Icing is knowing how to make it. Developing frosting consistency skills can be a struggle and you need to consult more than one on-line expert to succeed. The links that follow I’ve found to be very helpful. Please tell me about your recommendations and I’ll be sure to add them.

Questions? Comments? Recommendations? Contact Karen Little at

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Measurement & Conversion

  • Convert-to-com: One-way unit conversion calculator
  • Consistency timing in seconds:
    • 3 to 5 sec flood consistency for large areas.
    • 6 to 7 sec flood consistency for small areas
    • 11 to 13 sec soft outline consistency for flooding.
    • 11 to 13 sec for dots using #2 PMI tip – see below
    • ?? 18 to 20 sec for piping consistency, crisp line work

Littleviews - Royal Icing Dots

Notes: April 13, 2018

Experimented with and without metal tips on parchment cones. I prefer the metal tips but stiff icing requires too much pressure with a metal tip and the icing comes out around the edges of the tip.

PME #2 makes for a nice outline, #3 outline for flooding, Walton #10 for flooding

Used an actual timer to determine consistencies.

Place individual cookies on a square of parchment and use the parchment for moving the cookies around so you don’t touch the wet frosting.

To do:

  • Create design and color plan to carry out (see Google Dr.)
  • Experiment with PME #1 and 1.5 tips on 12″ disposable piping bags
  • Possibly run the frosting through a strainer before using for the tiny tips
  • Buy: disposable 12″ bags, cotton dish towels
  • Start weighing quantities used for different tasks and make notes